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Attribution Policy

[edit] Attribution Explanation

Open.Michigan makes every effort possible to attribute all content objects (images, charts, photos, etc) contained within the Open Educational Resources we review and publish on our OER site. Where necessary, we do our best to provide provenance information and also include copyright/license status information specific to each content object contained within the OER. To aid end users in understanding our analysis, we created a collection of attribution images we use as short hand for various licenses and/or copyright status. See below.

[edit] Content Available for Reuse

- PD-GOV - Public Domain – Government: Works that are produced by the U.S. Government. (17 USC § 105) U.S. Federal Government Copyright Policy.
- PD-EXP - Public Domain – Expired: Works that are no longer protected due to an expired copyright term.
- PD-SELF - Public Domain – Self Dedicated: Works that a copyright holder has dedicated to the public domain.
- CC0 - Creative Commons – Zero Waiver - Waiver Terms
- CC:BY - Creative Commons – Attribution License - License Terms
- CC:BY-SA - Creative Commons – Attribution Share Alike License - License Terms
- CC:BY-NC - Creative Commons – Attribution Noncommercial License - License Terms
- CC:BY-NC-SA - Creative Commons – Attribution Noncommercial Share Alike License - License Terms
- GNU-FDL - GNU – Free Documentation License - License Terms

[edit] Content Available for Reuse in Certain Legal Jurisdictions

- PD-INEL - Public Domain – Ineligible: Works that are ineligible for copyright protection in the U.S. (17 USC § 102(b)) Laws in your jurisdiction may differ.
- FAIR USE - Fair Use: Use of works that is determined to be Fair consistent with the U.S. Copyright Act. (17 USC § 107) Laws in your jurisdiction may differ. Our determination DOES NOT mean that all uses of this 3rd-party content are Fair Uses and we DO NOT guarantee that your use of the content is Fair. To use this content you should do your own independent analysis to determine whether or not your use will be Fair.

[edit] Attribution Guidelines

It is important to attribute all material within an Open Educational Resource with both provenance and copyright status. When that information is provided it is possible for downstream users to know the assessments that the Open.Michigan team has made with regard to the Open Educational Resources. Knowing this may assist downstream users (especially those in other jurisdictions) in how they can and can not use a particular resource. In the case of Fair Use and materials deemed not protected by US copyright law ("PD-INEL") this also lets the downstream user know they should ensure they comply with their local copyright laws pertinent to their situation.

[edit] Citing Works In-Line

These are the recommended methods of citing/attributing works contained within Open Educational Resources. Apply this convention when you want to provide the information directly next to the particular content object (image, photo, graph, etc.).

[edit] Basic Structure

<Copyright/License Image> <Author>, <URL of the resource (if available)>

[edit] Examples

Material that is openly licensed:
John Doe,
Material created by a DScribe, which is protected by copyright, and licensed for general use:
Regents of the University of Michigan
Material created by the professor which is protected by copyright:
Jane Doe
Material used under a Fair Use analysis:
Jane Doe,

[edit] Citing Works At the End

Sometimes it does not make sense to provide the entire citation/attribution information directly next to the object. This is common in the case of image intensive presentations or text documents that make extensive use of quotes/images. In these situations it is advised to create an Attributions or Additional Source Information page/slide. This is analogous to a Works Cited page in a paper.

[edit] Basic Structure

<Author Name>, <Work Title>, <URL of the resource (if available)>, <License Short Name (if applicable)>, <URL of the license (if applicable)>

[edit] Examples

Material that is openly licensed:
Jane Doe, "My Fun Picture" CC:BY-SA,
Material that is in the Public Domain or used under Fair Use
John Doe, "My Old Picture"
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